Body Language

In our concealed carry classes as well as our NRA courses we emphasize that a conflict avoided is a conflict won.

We often discuss the element of body language and posturing as a factor in avoiding or predicting an attack.  As a result, I frequently get inquiries from inspired students who are doing more research and would like to follow up and learn more about the studies that have been done.  As an instructor, We are obliged to provide a basis for everything we teach and I figured it was time to document and share the information we have on this concept.

Gunns, Rebekah E; Lucy Johnston; and Stephen M. Hudson. Victim Selection And Kinematics: A Point-Light Investigation Of Vulnerability To Attack. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 2002. 26(3): 129-158.

Grayson, Betty & Stein, Morris. I. (1981). Attracting assault: Victims’ nonverbal cues. Journal of Communication. 1981. 31: 68-75.

Farrell, G., Phillips, C., and Pease, K. Like Taking candy. British Journal of Criminology. 1995; 35: 384-399.

LeJeune, R. The Management Of A Mugging. Urban Life. 1977;6: 123-148.


Here are a few online articles that would also be worth adding to the resource list: